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WHAT IS NARCAN?
A medication that reverses an opioid overdose by restoring breathing. Naloxone begins working in 2 -3 minutes and continues working for 30 – 90 minutes; enough time for you to call 911 and for help to arrive.
What are ACEs?
ACEs are significant childhood traumas as identified below which can result in actual changes in brain development. These
changes may affect a child’s learning ability, social skills, and can result in long-tem health problems. The Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC) views ACEs as one of the major health issues in the 21st century.
Experiences can include:
1. Emotional abuse
2. Physical abuse
3. Sexual abuse
4. Emotional neglect
5. Physical neglect
6. Mother treated violently
7. Household substance abuse
8. Household mental illness
9. Parental separation or divorce
10. Incarcerated household member
Exposure to childhood ACEs canincrease the risk of: Adolescent pregnancy
- Alcoholism and alcohol abuse
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Early initiation of sexual activity
- Early initiation of smoking
- Fetal death
- Health-related quality of life
- Illicit drug use
- Ischemic heart disease (IHD)
- Liver disease
- Multiple sexual partners
- Risk for intimate partner violence
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- Suicide attempts
- Unintended pregnancies
The good news is resilience brings hope!
What is Resilience?
Resilience is the ability to adjust (or bounce back) when bad things happen. Research
shows resilience helps reduce the effects of ACEs. Protective factors are internal and
external resources that help us to build our resilience.
What are protective factors?
1. Parental resilience
Increasing parents’ ability to problem-solve and build relationships with
their child and others
2. Nurturing and attachment
Listening and responding to a child in a supportive way and discovering
and paying attention to the child’s physical and emotional needs
3. Social connections
Having family, friends or neighbors who
are supportive and willing to help or
listen when needed
4. Concrete supports
Having their child’s basic needs met,
such as housing, food, clothing and
5. Knowledge of parenting and child
Increasing parents’ knowledge of their
child’s development and appropriate
expectations for their child’s behavior
6. Social and emotional competence
Helping their child to interact positively
with others, manage emotions and
Resilience trumps ACEs!
Parents, teachers and caregivers can help children by:
- Gaining an understanding of ACEs
- Creating environments where children feel safe emotionally and physically
- Helping children identify feelings and manage emotions
- Creating protective factors at home, schools and in communities
Parent Help 123
Resilience Trumps ACEs
Washington Information Network
CDC Adverse Childhood
Experiences (ACE) Study